Anuario de Psicología Jurídica Anuario de Psicología Jurídica
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica 23 (2013) 21-4 - Vol. 23 Núm.1 DOI: 10.5093/aj2013a4
Factores emocionales en el análisis de credibilidad de las declaraciones de víctimas con discapacidad intelectual
Emotional factors in credibility assessment of statements given by victims with intellectual disabilities
Antonio L. Manzaneroa,, , María Reciob, Alberto Alemanyb, Patricia Pérez-Castrob
a Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España
b Fundación Carmen Pardo-Valcarce, España
Recibido 06 mayo 2013
Resumen

El objetivo del presente trabajo fue realizar un estudio preliminar sobre las expresiones emocionales presentes en relatos verdaderos y falsos emitidos por personas con discapacidad intelectual (DI) moderada y ligera de etiología no específica. Para ello, de acuerdo con las propuestas para el análisis de credibilidad basadas en criterios de contenido (CBCA/SVA), se examinaron cuatro criterios relacionados con las emociones (descripción del propio estado mental y descripción del estado mental de otros, expresiones emocionales durante el relato y congruencia entre la emoción expresada y el suceso) en las narraciones de personas con DI sobre un suceso negativo y potencialmente traumático que los declarantes habían experimentado o no. Los resultados muestran que no hay diferencias en estos criterios entre declaraciones verdaderas y falsas. En conclusión, las emociones deben ser valoradas con cautela, ya que pueden llevar a juicios erróneos de credibilidad.

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to analyze emotional expressions in true and false victims with moderate and light intellectual disability (ID) with no specific etiology. Following the proposals for analyzing credibility based on content criteria (CBCA/SVA) four emotion-related criteria (description of own mental state, description of the mental state of others, emotional expressions during the narrative, and consistency between expressed emotion and the event) were examined in the narratives issued by people with ID on a negative and potentially traumatic event that the person interviewed had experienced or not. The results show no differences in these criteria between true and false statements. In conclusion, emotions must be valued with caution, as it can lead to misjudgments of credibility

Palabras clave
Memoria de testigos, Trauma, Discapacidad intelectual, Alexitimia, Evaluación de credibilidad
Keywords
Alexithymia, Traumatic memory, Eyewitness testimony, Credibility assessment, Learning Disability
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Copyright © 2013. Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica 23 (2013) 21-4 - Vol. 23 Núm.1 DOI: 10.5093/aj2013a4